(Note that pure quantitative research will follow all of the paradigm characteristics of quantitative research shown in the left column of Table 2.1.) 5.8, p. 328) and quantitative approaches (cf. Quantitative research is used in both natural and social sciences.Depending on your area of study and specific topic, you will need to research the methodologies that are generally used to conduct this kind of research. 3 PARADIGMS WITHIN THE IS-FIELD: Positivist Research * Reality is objectively given * Reality can be described by measurable properties – independent of the observer and his instruments * Theory testing * Variables: emphasis on quantitative data * Statistical tools and packages are an essential element (Myers living version) practice of research; and therefore, they need to be stated (Creswell, 2009:5). According to them a research paradigm is an all-encompassing system of interrelated practice and thinking that define the nature of enquiry along these three dimensions. Oftentimes you will find me say that interviews are more qualitative in nature; however, they can be quantitative as well. Quantitative research is an inquiry into an identified problem, based on testing a theory, measured with numbers, and analyzed using statistical techniques. 0 Although different, they can be complementary of one another i.e., in mixed methods 2 The goal of quantitative Gall, Borg, and Gall (1996) suggest that at an epistemological level it is not clear that one The researchers in a quantitative paradigm are concerned with discovering, verifying, or identifying causal relationships among concepts that are derived from a prior theoretical scheme. 4.2 Research Paradigm According to TerreBlanche and Durrheim (1999), the research process has three major dimensions: ontology1, epistemology2 and methodology 3. Quantitative research – research that relies primarily on the collection of quantitative data. • To develop an understanding of the positivist research paradigm • To consider the relationship between positivist research, quantitative methodology and experimental methods • To outline the possibilities and limitations of positivist research 8708 AR.qxd 31/08/2009 10:23 Page 9. par. concerned with investigating things which could be observed and measured in some way. Research paradigm is defined as an established model accepted by a substantial number of people in a research community. 5.9, p. 333) extend into different philosophical research paradigms, namely those of positivism and post-positivism Qualitative research – research … The roots of the qualitative (cf. research method used, but also the purpose of research and the roles of researchers (Glesre & Peshkin, 1992). Quantitative research was the generally accepted research paradigm in educational research until the early 1980s, when the “paradigm wars” between advocates of quantitative and qualitative research reached a new peak (Guba, 1990; Tashakkori and Teddlie, 1998). conduct research in each of the paradigms discussed. research by a quantitative research paradigm, just as it is unfair to judge quantitative research from the qualitative research paradigm.” Each approach should be judged by its own standards. The assignment of subjects is of concern, par. Keywords: Research paradigm, Epistemology, Ontology, Methodology, Axiology 1. A review of literature from leaders in the field leads to a deep understanding of the meaning of a research paradigm. quantitative or qualitative depending on how you collect and analyze your data (i.e., the type of research paradigm you are following). Introduction: What Do We Mean by Research Paradigm? Two general approaches are widely recognized: quantitative research and qualitative research. Introduction 0 Two main traditions 1 in research: Quantitative and Qualitative 0 Quantitative research = inferential research 0 Qualitative research = interpretive research 0 Both different in terms of goals, applications, sampling procedures, types of data, data analysis, etc. Different approaches to research encompass both theory and method.
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